Hand Therapy

“Working with a knowledgeable hand therapist can make the difference between success and failure in complex hand surgical cases. The therapist extends the continuum of our care, as well as functioning as coach and trainer for our patients.” - Marybeth Ezaki, MD, Past President, American Society for Surgery of the Hand

Hand therapy is the science of evaluating and treatment upper extremity injuries.

Hand therapy is the art and science of evaluating and treating injuries and conditions of the upper extremity (shoulder, arm, elbow, forearm, wrist and hand). It uses a number of therapeutic interventions to help return a person to their highest level of function. It evolved from the need for a specialist with the knowledge and experience required to manage the challenging recovery of complex hand and upper extremity injuries.

What is a Hand Therapist?

A hand therapist is an occupational therapist (OT) or physical therapist (PT) who, through advanced continuing education, clinical experience and integration of knowledge in anatomy, physiology and kinesiology, has become proficient in treatment of pathological upper extremity conditions resulting from trauma, disease, congenital or acquired deformity. These therapists can treat basic hand conditions.

Certified Hand Therapist

A hand therapist may achieve advanced certification as a certified hand therapist (CHT). To obtain the CHT credential, a therapist must practice for a minimum of five years, accumulating at least 4,000 hours of treatment for hand and upper extremity disorders. Certified hand therapists must also pass a rigorous certification exam to demonstrate their competency in the practice.

CHTs specialize in treating hand and upper extremity conditions. They work closely with orthopaedic and general surgeons who also specialize in the hand to ensure maximal outcomes for patients.

What Can a Hand Therapist Do for Me?

Hand therapists bridge the gap from medical management of upper extremity conditions to successful recovery, allowing individuals to function normally in their daily lives. Hand therapists provide non-operative interventions, preventative care and post-surgical rehabilitation for a wide variety of upper extremity disorders, from simple fingertip injuries to complex replanted extremities. Patients with chronic conditions, such as arthritis, or neurologic conditions, such as a stroke, can benefit from therapy through education on joint protection and energy conservation, and with recommendations for adaptive equipment or devices to improve function. A hand therapist employs a variety of techniques and tools, including activity and exercise programs, custom orthotic fabrication, management of pain and swelling and wound and scar care. A hand therapist can also be a consultant in the industrial world, training employees in healthy work habits.

How Do I Find a Hand Therapist?

To locate a hand therapist in your area, visit the American Society of Hand Therapists website at www.asht.org, or call 856-380-6856. You can search the Find a Therapist directory by city, state, ZIP or last name. A prescription from your physician may be necessary before you can visit a hand therapist.

Additional Resources

What is a Hand Therapist?
National Library of Medicine
National Institutes of Health

Content provided in part by the American Society of Hand Therapists.

© 2018 American Society for Surgery of the Hand

Visit the American Society of Hand Therapists to find a hand therapist near you.

Visit the American Society of Hand Therapists website for patient education resources on topics such as:

Boutonniere Deformity
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
CMC Arthritis
Cubital Tunnel Syndrome 
DeQuervain Tendinopathy
Distal Radius Fracture
Dupuytren Disease
Extensor Tendon Injury
Flexor Tendon Injury 
Frozen Shoulder
Shoulder Impingement
Tennis Elbow
Trigger Finger
What is a Hand Therapist?